Europeâ€™s Anti-immigrant Parties: False Start or Second Wind?
A. E. Yashlavskii ()
Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2018
The article makes focus onÂ the rise of Western Europeâ€™s far-rightÂ partiesÂ which act with anti-immigrant agenda amidÂ 2010s EuropeanÂ migrant crisis. Massive influxesÂ of refugees and migrants haveÂ accumulatedÂ huge political significance and triggeredÂ off a wideÂ range of conflicts (both onÂ international and national levels). TheÂ migrantÂ crisis has indicated many social-politicalÂ challenges forÂ European countries. TheÂ crisis has been synchronous with a rise ofÂ popularity of right populist political movementsÂ (old ones as wellÂ as new ones), whichÂ promote restrictions of immigration etc. AtÂ theÂ same time it cannot be ignored that WestÂ European right-wingÂ populist political movementsÂ achieved some success in previousÂ decades,Â well ahead of the current migrant crisis.Â Immigration issueÂ has been a centerpieceÂ of political discourses of West EuropeanÂ right-wing parties (National Front in France,Â for instance)Â since late 1970s â€“ early 1980s.Â But it is quite obvious that the 2010s migrantÂ crisis became a trigger for revitalization ofÂ the far-rightÂ movements which are outspokenÂ critics of the European Union as â€œaÂ supra-Â national bodyâ€ dictating its conditions toÂ the memberÂ countries. Besides, the crisis gaveÂ a boost to a rise of new populistÂ movementsÂ (for example, â€œAlternative for Germanyâ€ ). InÂ 2017 theÂ populist right-wing parties in EuropeÂ won the largest support overÂ the threeÂ past decades. Recently the right populist forcesÂ appearedÂ in elections in a number of EuropeanÂ countries (Germany, Austria,Â FranceÂ etc.) as tough competitor of traditional mainstreamÂ politicalÂ parties and won parliamentaryÂ representation and/or representationÂ in the government coalitions. Furthermore,Â theseÂ movements demonstrate attempts toÂ change their image to shift toÂ political mainstream.Â However, in the foreseeable future,Â anyÂ cardinal breakthrough and far-right anti-Â immigrant partiesâ€™ comingÂ to the power inÂ Western Europeâ€™s coutrnies is hardly possible.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2018:id:324
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