Resilience in the European Neighborhood Policy
N. N. Gudalov () and
E. Yu. Treshchenkov ()
Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2020
This paper explores the articulation of the resilience concept in the policies of the European Union to the EasternÂ and Southern neighborhoods. In the discourse of foreign policy and security of theÂ EU Global Strategy 2016, this concept appears as a key one. The idea is to empower the neighboring countries in their autonomousÂ efforts to build such resilienceÂ that would allow them to absorb a wideÂ range of security threats without projecting them on the European Union. An analysis of the place of resilience in the evolution of theÂ European Neighborhood Policy,Â as well as in relations with neighbors to theÂ East and South, allows us to draw conclusions regarding the novelty of the approach,Â as well as the prospects and obstacles to itsÂ implementation. The EU policy is analyzedÂ along key dimensions for the concept of resilience: systems, threats, and resources.Â AtÂ its core, the EUâ€™s approaches have changedÂ little, which can come into conflict with theÂ cornerstone ideas of resilience thinking. ForÂ example, there is a tendency to assess theÂ social and cultural practices existing in theneighboring countries through the prism ofÂ â€œrightâ€ and â€œwrongâ€ , thus excluding themÂ from resources of building resilience. In theÂ case of the Eastern Neighborhood, BrusselsÂ did not refuse to promote here a full package of reforms aimed at spreading European practices to the states of the region. ThisÂ is based on the perception of the region as aÂ part of Wider Europe. The problems of theÂ Southern Mediterranean and the MiddleÂ East, on the contrary, are increasingly merging in the eyes of the EU with those of the entire African continent. In the discourseÂ and the policy of the European Union, disregard of the regionâ€™s problems may impedeÂ the formation of higher-quality forms of resilience in the South.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2020:id:669
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