German Approach towards the Struggle against Separatism in Fragile States of the Middle East and Africa: the Ð¡ases of Iraq and Mali
Ph. O. Trunov ()
Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2020
In the modern world the development of armed conflict leads to chaotization of the world order at all its levels.One of the manifestations of this threat isÂ the strengthening of separatism, includingÂ the secession as its extreme form. PoliticalÂ practice shows that the secession the factorÂ of long-term undermining of regional security. AnÂ alternative to secession is the federalization of the fragile states that is an effective measure for struggle againstÂ separatism and the resolution of the armed conflicts based on compromise. The article underlines that in theÂ majority cases the federalization in fragile states could be realized only with active participation of external actors.Â In this regard the article explores German experience in the support ofÂ federalization in Iraq and Mali in the middle â€“ second half of the 2010-s. These twoÂ countries are selected as cases of the NearÂ East and Sahel regional systems. The scientific paper focuses on the usage by Germany of political-diplomatic and militaryÂ tools. The article explores the evolution ofÂ the relations of Germany with the guide inÂ Erbil (Iraqi Kurdistan) and Bagdad beforeÂ and after the referendum on the question ofÂ Iraqi Kurdistan independence, 2017, September 25. In this regard theÂ author showsÂ the changing of German military assistance as an indicator of FRG`s approachÂ to the Iraqi Kurdistan problem. The paper investigates German approach towardsÂ the Â«Tuaregs` questionÂ», the features of usage byÂ Germany of diplomatic and military tools for the federalization of Mali. InÂ the conclusion the author compares FRG`sÂ tactics of the struggle towards the separatism in Iraq and Mali.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2020:id:671
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