The Phenomenon of â€œNew Populismâ€: the American Dimension
A. G. Volodin ()
Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2020
The article examines the evolution of ideological and political attitudes,Â the essential characteristics and instrumental functions of modern populism using theÂ case of the United States of America. It isÂ well known that populism differs from other political movements in its direct appeal toÂ voters / people as an undifferentiated socialÂ mass, and thus constitutes an effective meansÂ of mobilizing the masses of the populationÂ in a protracted crisis of the political systemÂ and its institutions. The instrumental effectiveness of populism is often used to regroupÂ social forces necessary for society and to giveÂ the entire political system greater elasticity, to increase its responsiveness to the interests of the â€œstreet man,â€ that is, ordinary voter. The ruling groups, especially in the USA,Â have learned to use populism effectively as aÂ force capable of reducing the intensity of social conflicts, as well as for the integrationÂ of the â€œdissatisfiedâ€ into the existing institutions of the state that they themselves need.Â The first, and very successful, example of thisÂ kind was the â€œnew dealâ€ of F.D. Roosevelt, theÂ political result of which was the creation inÂ America of a â€œmiddle class societyâ€ that wasÂ not susceptible to extremes of both the rightÂ and the left. At present, the overlapping civilizational â€œriftâ€ and the political crisis haveÂ forced the influential forces of American society to turn again to populism as a provenÂ means of modifying Americaâ€™s developmentÂ model and pacifying a significant part of theÂ population of this country. The 2016 presidential election convincinglyÂ demonstrated the powerful instrumental capacities ofÂ populism, manifested, in particular, in a certain renewal of the US socio-economic policy.Similar processes of regrouping of socio-political forces are to be observed in other â€œinstitutionalized democraciesâ€ Â of the West, whichÂ allows us to consider the â€œnewâ€ / â€œnationalâ€ Â populism as a relatively stable and long-termÂ phenomenon of socio-political developmentÂ of the western world.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2020:id:673
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