American Conservatism and US Foreign Policy Challenges in the XXI Century: Between Interventionism and Isolationism
L. M. Sokolshchik ()
Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2020
The process of ideologicalÂ and political transformation of AmericanÂ conservatism under the influence of foreignÂ policy factors in the XXI century is discussed in the article. Foreign policy concepts of various types of AmericanÂ conservatism (neoconservatism, traditionalism, social conservatism, libertarianism, paleoconservatism) are studiedÂ based on MichaelÂ Friedenâ€™s method of Â«ideological morphologyÂ». Two main directions of the conservativeÂ foreign policy (interventionism and isolationism) have been identified. The analysis of the foreign policy aspect ofÂ TrumpismÂ as US version of contemporary populism isÂ presented in the light of the ideological approach. TheÂ characteristics of TrumpismÂ as Â«thin-centredÂ» ideology, which based onÂ the antithesis of Â«the pure American peopleÂ» and Â«the corrupt Washington eliteÂ»Â and a concept of Â«common will of the peopleÂ», are under investigation in the paper.Â The research shows, that Trumpism usesÂ concepts of Â«hostÂ» ideology (conservatism)Â to form its discourse. The connection between the international agenda of Trumpism and isolationist and protectionist ideasÂ of paleoconservatism is determined. The influence of conservative ideological attitudesÂ on the evolution of US foreign policy in theÂ XXI century is traced.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2020:id:674
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