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Language knowledge and earnings in Catalonia

Antonio Di Paolo () and Josep Lluís Raymond
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Josep Lluís Raymond: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Journal of Applied Economics, 2012, vol. 15, 89-118

Abstract: This paper represents the first contribution that investigates the economic value of Catalan knowledge in terms of earnings, focusing on national and foreign first- and second-generation immigrants in Catalonia. Specifically, drawing on data from the Survey on Living Conditions and Habits of the Catalan Population (2006), we quantify the expected earnings differential between individuals who are proficient in Catalan and those who are not, taking into account the potential endogeneity between knowledge of Catalan and earnings. The results indicate the existence of a positive return to knowledge of Catalan, with a 7.5% increase in earnings estimated by OLS. When we account for the presence of endogeneity, monthly earnings are around 18% higher for individuals who are able to speak and write Catalan. We also find that language and education are complementary inputs for generating earnings in Catalonia, given that knowledge of Catalan increases monthly earnings only for more educated individuals.

Keywords: language; earnings; immigrants; endogeneity; complementarity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J79 J24 J61 C31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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Related works:
Working Paper: Language knowledge and earnings in Catalonia (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Language knowledge and earnings in Catalonia (2010) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cem:jaecon:v:15:y:2012:n:1:p:89-118

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