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The Distribution of the Male/Female Earnings Differential, 1970-1990

Michael Baker, Dwayne Benjamin (), Andree Desaulniers Cegep and Mary Grant

Canadian Journal of Economics, 1995, vol. 28, issue 3, 479-501

Abstract: The authors examine the male/female earnings differential between 1970 and 1990. Their objective is to provide consistent estimates that can be compared and interpreted over time, and to assess the sensitivity of their results to alternative specifications. The authors find that women made modest gains over the period. Standard decomposition techniques reveal that gender differences in observable characteristics do not explain much of the earnings differential. Most of the improvement in women's relative earnings has come by a decline in the 'unexplained' component. The authors also find that the differential varies systematically across age and education groups, and across high- and low-income women. Coauthors are Dwayne Benjamin, Andree Desaulniers, and Mary Grant.

Date: 1995
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