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Immigrant earnings: age at immigration matters

Joseph Schaafsma and Arthur Sweetman ()

Canadian Journal of Economics, 2001, vol. 34, issue 4, 1066-1099

Abstract: A correlation between age at immigration and earnings is observed in Canadian census data. The evidence supports three underlying sources of the effect; first, work experience in the source country yields virtually no return in the host country; second, the return to education varies with age at immigration, and, finally, an "acculturation" effect is observed for immigrants who are visible minorities or whose mother tongue is not English. Further, it is found that educational attainment, and relatedly earnings, vary systematically across age at immigration with those arriving around age 15 to 18 obtaining fewer years of education.

JEL-codes: J61 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2001
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