Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants
Roberto Alvarez () and
Canadian Journal of Economics, 2005, vol. 38, issue 4, 1384-1400
Recent empirical evidence documents the superior characteristics of exporters relative to non-exporters. Three explanations for this phenomenon have been proposed: self-selection; learning-by-exporting; and conscious self-selection. We test these three hypotheses using plant-level data from Chile. We find that plants that enter international markets show superior initial performance compared with non-exporters, consistent with self-selection; we observe increases in productivity after plants begin to export, which is consistent with learning-by-exporting. We also find strong evidence supporting the idea that self-selection is a conscious process by which plants increase productivity with the purpose of becoming exporters.
JEL-codes: F14 O54 D21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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