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Exports, unemployment, and the welfare state

Eckhard Janeba ()

Canadian Journal of Economics, 2009, vol. 42, issue 3, 930-955

Abstract: The paper analyzes the labour market effects of globalization when foreign market entry is costly and risky. With flexible labour markets, a fall in foreign market entry cost tends to generate more income inequality, but not necessarily so, as more firms pay foreign entry cost. By contrast, when labour markets are inflexible in the short run, globalization tends to increase unemployment. In this situation, government unemployment benefits reduce the wages that exporting firms need to pay workers as risk compensation. Thus more firms within an industry and more industries enter the foreign market, which in turn tends to increase unemployment.

JEL-codes: F1 H1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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