Exporters and the environment
J Holladay ()
Canadian Journal of Economics, 2016, vol. 49, issue 1, 147-172
This paper documents a relationship between international trade and environmental performance at the plant level. Using a panel of establishment-level data from 19902006, I estimate the relationship between export orientation, import competition and pollution emissions. I find a robust relationship between international trade and pollution levels. Exporters emit 9% to 13% less after controlling for output, but there is significant heterogeneity across industries. Import competition is associated with the exit of the smallest, most pollution-intensive plants. There is no evidence that this result is caused by polluting firms relocating to countries with low levels of environmental regulation and importing back into the US.
JEL-codes: F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Exporters and the Environment (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cje:issued:v:49:y:2016:i:1:p:147-172
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