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Exporters and the environment

J Holladay ()

Canadian Journal of Economics, 2016, vol. 49, issue 1, 147-172

Abstract: This paper documents a relationship between international trade and environmental performance at the plant level. Using a panel of establishment-level data from 19902006, I estimate the relationship between export orientation, import competition and pollution emissions. I find a robust relationship between international trade and pollution levels. Exporters emit 9% to 13% less after controlling for output, but there is significant heterogeneity across industries. Import competition is associated with the exit of the smallest, most pollution-intensive plants. There is no evidence that this result is caused by polluting firms relocating to countries with low levels of environmental regulation and importing back into the US.

JEL-codes: F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Working Paper: Exporters and the Environment (2015) Downloads
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