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Downward nominal wage rigidity in Canada: Evidence from micro-level data

Dany Brouillette, Olena Kostyshyna and Natalia Kyui

Canadian Journal of Economics, 2018, vol. 51, issue 3, 968-1002

Abstract: We assess the importance of downward nominal wage rigidity (DNWR) in Canada using employer-level administrative data from the major wage settlements (MWS) and household-based survey data from the Survey of Labour Income Dynamics (SLID). MWS data cover large unionized firms in Canada, while SLID is a rich rotating panel representative of the employed population in Canada. Combining both sources of information allows for an extensive analysis of DNWR in the Canadian labour market. We find large shares of wage freezes and smaller shares of wage cuts in both MWS and SLID. Shares of freezes are higher at lower CPI inflation rates, based on provincial data. These observations are consistent with the presence of DNWR. DNWR in Canada appears to be larger than in other countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and European countries. The incidence of DNWR is heterogeneous across firms and workers characteristics. Wages report less DNWR over longer horizons.

JEL-codes: J3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Journal Article: Downward nominal wage rigidity in Canada: Evidence from micro‐level data (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in Canada: Evidence from Micro- Level Data (2016) Downloads
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