CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN COARCTATION OF THE AORTA IN CHILDREN
Alina Costina Luca and
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Alina Costina Luca: “Gr.T.Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi
Oana-Emma Horhota: “Sf. Maria” Emergency Hospital for Children, Iasi
SEA - Practical Application of Science, 2017, issue 15, 483-486
Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth as frequency among congenital heart defects, representing 6-8% of all of them. The incidence of coarctation of the aorta is 1: 2,500 births. It is a more commonly encountered pathology in males with a ratio between male and female sex of 2: 1 Patients have different clinical aspects depending on the age at which they are diagnosed. Newborns are most commonly found with heart failure and cardiogenic shock, and large children and adolescents address the pediatrician due to symptoms of headache, epistaxis, lower limb pain, fatigue. To diagnose coarctation of the aorta it is important to measure blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs, and to find a difference of 20 mmHg between them. Pulse is weaker or even absent in the femoral artery whereas in the brachial artery and radial pulse is strong.
Keywords: Coarcation of aorta; Epidemiology; Diagnosis; Congenital Heart Malformations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cmj:seapas:y:2017:i:15:p:483-486
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