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FACTORS DECREASING HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY DEMAND – A QUALITATIVE APPROACH

Shimon Elbaz and Adriana Zaiț
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Shimon Elbaz: University Alexandru Ioan Cuza,bFaculty of Economics and Business Administration, Iasi, Romania
Adriana Zaiț: University Alexandru Ioan Cuza,bFaculty of Economics and Business Administration, Iasi, Romania

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Adriana Zait ()

SEA - Practical Application of Science, 2018, issue 16, 59-67

Abstract: Reducing energy consumption through changes in individual consumers’ behaviors is one of the most important challenges of the present society and near future. Our qualitative study, based on semi-structured interviews, deals with the investigation of household consumer behavior, in order to explore ways for reducing the electricity demand, in the particular cultural context of a country with high levels of energy consumption in both summer and winter times – Israel. Various approaches, coming from economics, sociology, psychology or education were tested, for limiting the use of a particular, invisible and intangible merchandise - electricity. The main objective of the present study was to determine consumers’ perceptions about the various approaches that could be used to decrease the domestic demand and consumption of electricity. A secondary objective was to identify, based on consumers’ perceptions, the factors of influence that could be used in future quantitative researches and governance strategies. We found out that investigated families have a high level of education in the field of electricity consumption and marketing campaigns, which would make the classic energy educational approach less efficient. Household electricity consumers in Israel have awareness and willingness not to waste or consume electricity beyond what is necessary, but the necessary level is positioned quite high. The social comparison approach appears to be ineffective, as well, even if it proved its efficiency in other cultures. The psychological and the economic approach could be partially efficient, if certain influence factors are widely used. These factors include mainly the magnitude of the savings, the perceived behavioral control, the personal thermal comfort and the pro-environmental attitude. The most important managerial implication concerns the strategies that could be conceived by electricity companies and national authorities – based on un-intrusive messaging, respect of privacy, valorization of green, pro-environmental beliefs and consumer empowering instruments.

Keywords: Electricity consumer behavior; Qualitative research; Reducing household energy demand; Israel (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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