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An exploratory assessment of the relationship between multidimensional poverty and armed conflict: the case of Antioquia, Colombia

Osmar Loaiza (), Guberney Muñetón () and Juan Vanegas ()

Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, 2017, vol. 80, issue 1, 11-46

Abstract: This paper analyses the relationship between poverty and armed conflict in Antioquia, Colombia. The poverty analysis it uses is framed according to Sen’s capability approach, which constitutes the conceptual basis for the Multidi- mensional Poverty Index (MPI) subsequently developed by Alkire and Foster. The MPI is measured employing data from the government database SISBEN, which is used by the Colombian authorities to identify beneficiaries of social assistance programmes. The paper considers three poverty dimensions: living standards, health, and education. Armed conflict is measured using count data on violent events recorded for every municipality in the Department of Antioquia between 1996 and 2010. The relationship between poverty and armed conflict is then analysed using exploratory and non-parametric methods such as kernel distributions. Results suggest that the MPI is robust when compared multidimensional cutoffs. The MPI box-plot maps suggest that poor people are located in Antioquia’s peripheral areas. Kernel distributions show that areas most affected by conflict tend to show higher levels of multidimensional poverty.

Keywords: Multidimensional Poverty Index; Capability Approach; Armed Conflict; Exploratory data analysis; Colombia; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 H56 D62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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