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The evolution of the gender wage gap in Colombia: 1994 and 2010

Luz Abadia Alvarado () and Sara De la Rica ()

Revista Cuadernos de Economía, 2020, vol. 39, issue 81, 857-895

Abstract: This paper studies the evolution of the gender wage gap in Colombia at different points of wage distributions. Using DiNardo, Fortin, and Lemieux’s (1996) decomposition, we find that the enormous increase in female workers’ educational achievement has helped to reduce the gender gap, mainly at the top of the wage distribution. However, this effect has been countered by the reduction in the proportion of female workers in the public sector and those with indefinite contracts. Moreover, using the Arellano et al. (2017) methodology, we estimate the adjusted gender wage gap whilst controlling for sample selection. In both analysed years, our main finding was a clear glass-ceiling pattern that was slightly reduced in 2010. ****** Este artículo estudia la brecha salarial por género en Colombia en diferentes puntos de la distribución de salarios. Con la descomposición de DiNardo et al. (1996) se encuentra que el enorme incremento en el logro educacional de las trabajadoras femeninas ha ayudado a reducir la brecha de género, principalmente en la cola alta de la distribución. Sin embargo, este efecto ha sido contrarrestado por la reducción en la proporción de mujeres en el sector público y en aquellas con contrato indefinido. Además, con la metodología de Arellano et al. (2016) se estima la brecha de género ajustada controlando por sesgo de selección. Se encuentra un patrón de techo de cristal en ambos anos analizados, que se ha reducido ligeramente en el 2010.

Keywords: Gender wage gap; glass ceiling pattern; quantile regression; sample selection (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J24 J31 J41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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