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Institutional determinants of inequality in chosen post-socialist countries: the role of political freedom

Slawomir Kuzmar () and Dawid Piatek ()
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Slawomir Kuzmar: Poznan University of Economics and Business
Dawid Piatek: Poznan University of Economics and Business

Ekonomia i Prawo, 2019, vol. 18, issue 3, 295-315

Abstract: Motivation: economic literature indicates that differences in the inequality levels among modern countries can be attributed to many factors or processes such as: economic performance, natural resources endowments, demographical structure or institutional framework. It seems to be important to emphasize that in the case of post-socialist countries where many predetermined trajectories of inequalities were adopted policies and institutions played an important role in shaping inequality. Aim: in this context the question about the role of political freedom — as one of the key aspects of institutional framework — for the levels of inequality in these countries seems to be especially important. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of different political institutions adopted in post-socialist countries for the levels of income inequalities observed among them. Results: the obtained results indicate that the post-socialist countries which managed to create more inclusive political institutions experience lower inequalities in the distribution of disposable income.

Keywords: political freedom; post-socialist countries; inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E02 D63 N33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:cpn:umkeip:v:18:y:2019:i:3:p:295-315