Intergenerational Implications of Immigration Policy on Apprenticeship Training and the Educational Distribution in Canada
James McDonald () and
Christopher Worswick ()
Canadian Public Policy, 2013, vol. 39, issue s1, 165-185
Using the 2006 Canadian census, we analyze the incidence and returns to apprenticeship credentials for immigrant and native-born men in Canada. Both immigrant men who arrived in Canada as children and first-generation Canadian-born men are more likely to have completed an apprenticeship if their father's generation of immigrant men in Canada (from the same source country) have a high probability of apprenticeship completion. The return to an apprenticeship (relative to high school only education) is found to result in approximately 13 percent higher earnings. A cross-cohort simulation suggests that long-run shifts in the source countries of immigrants to Canada are likely to lead to a reduction in the future fraction of school entry cohorts willing to undergo apprenticeship training.
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