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An Analysis of the Population Aging Phenomena in Poland from a Spatial Perspective

Michal Pietrzak and Justyna Wilk ()

Statistics in Transition new series, 2014, vol. 15, issue 1, 153-170

Abstract: The processes of socio-economic development are continuously accompanied by the process of population aging. It is seen as a growing percentage share of people aged 65 and over in the general population. It covers the majority of the European Union countries and also refers to Poland. The objective of the paper is to analyse the population aging phenomenon from a spatial perspective. The study has been carried out for 66 subregions (NUTS 3) and covered the period 1995-2012. Poland is characterized by strong spatial diversification regarding the proportion of senior citizens and its growth rate, and also determinants exerting impact on the demographic aging processes. Demographically the youngest and slowest aging population lives in south-eastern and also central Poland. The most intensive population aging processes are seen in the selected subregions of south-western Poland. Here, we observe extremely low fertility, demographically old working-age population and also significant migration outflow of younger people.

Keywords: population aging; socio-economic development; spatial approach; taxonomic analysis; regression analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:csb:stintr:v:15:y:2014:i:1:p:153-170