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Irrigation as an adaptive strategy to climate change: an economic perspective on Brazilian agriculture

Dênis Antônio da Cunha, Coelho, Alexandre Bragança and Féres, José Gustavo
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: José Gustavo Féres

Environment and Development Economics, 2015, vol. 20, issue 1, 57-79

Abstract: This paper analyzes the potential effects of climate change on Brazilian agriculture by considering irrigation as an adaptive strategy. Investigations were performed to determine how climatic variability influences irrigation and whether this adaptive measure actually reduces producers' vulnerability to climate change. We used a simultaneous equations model with endogenous switching to account for the heterogeneity in the decision of whether to use adaptive measures. We compared the expected land values under the actual and counterfactual cases of farm households that either adapt or do not adapt to climate change. Simulation results show that irrigation can be an effective tool for counteracting the harmful effects of climate change. The income of farmers tends to increase on lands where irrigation technologies are practiced. These conclusions confirm the need to invest in adaptation strategies to prepare Brazil for coping with the adverse effects of global climate change.

Date: 2015
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