INTEGRATED MARKOV-SWITCHING GARCH PROCESS
Econometric Theory, 2009, vol. 25, issue 5, 1277-1288
This paper investigates stationarity of the so-called integrated Markov-switching generalized autoregressive conditionally heteroskedastic (GARCH) process, which is an important subclass of the Markov-switching GARCH process introduced by Francq, Roussignol, and ZakoÃ¯an (2001, Journal of Time Series Analysis 22,197â€“220) and a Markov-switching version of the integrated GARCH (IGARCH) process. We show that, like the classical IGARCH process, a stationary solution with infinite variance for the integrated Markov-switching GARCH process may exist. To this purpose, an alternative condition for the existence of a strictly stationary solution of the Markov-switching GARCH process is presented, and some results obtained in Hennion (1997, Annals of Probability 25, 1545â€“1587) are employed. In addition, we also discuss conditions for the existence of a strictly stationary solution of the Markov-switching GARCH process with finite variance, which is a modification of Theorem 2 in Francq et al. (2001).
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