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WHEN BIAS KILLS THE VARIANCE: CENTRAL LIMIT THEOREMS FOR DEA AND FDH EFFICIENCY SCORES

Alois Kneip, Leopold Simar () and Paul Wilson ()

Econometric Theory, 2015, vol. 31, issue 2, 394-422

Abstract: Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and free disposal hull (FDH) estimators are widely used to estimate efficiencies of production units. In applications, both efficiency scores for individual units as well as average efficiency scores are typically reported. While several bootstrap methods have been developed for making inference about the efficiencies of individual units, until now no methods have existed for making inference about mean efficiency levels. This paper shows that standard central limit theorems do not apply in the case of means of DEA or FDH efficiency scores due to the bias of the individual scores, which is of larger order than either the variance or covariances among individual scores. The main difficulty comes from the fact that such statistics depend on efficiency estimators evaluated at random points. Here, new central limit theorems are developed for means of DEA and FDH scores, and their efficacy for inference about mean efficiency levels is examined via Monte Carlo experiments.

Date: 2015
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Related works:
Working Paper: When Bias Kills the Variance: Central Limit Theorems for DEA and FDH Efficiency Scores (2015)
Working Paper: When Bias Kills the Variance: Central Limit Theorems for DEA and FDH Efficiency Scores (2013) Downloads
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