Business Microloans for U.S. Subprime Borrowers
Mark J. Garmaise,
Shimon Kogan and
Gabriel Natividad ()
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 2016, vol. 51, issue 1, 55-83
We show that business microloans to U.S. subprime borrowers have a very large impact on subsequent firm success. Using data on startup loan applicants from a lender that employed an automated algorithm in its application review, we implement a regression discontinuity design assessing the causal impact of receiving a loan on firms. Startups receiving funding are dramatically more likely to survive, enjoy higher revenues, and create more jobs. Loans are more consequential for survival among subprime business owners with more education and less managerial experience.
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