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Product Market Characteristics and the Choice between IPOs and Acquisitions

Thomas Chemmanur, Jie He, Shan He and Debarshi Nandy

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 2018, vol. 53, issue 2, 681-721

Abstract: Using unique U.S. Census data sets, we analyze how entrepreneurial firms’ product market characteristics affect their choice between going public, being acquired, or remaining private. Size, total factor productivity (TFP), sales growth, capital expenditure, market share, access to private funding, and human capital intensiveness significantly increase a private firm’s likelihood of an initial public offering (IPO) relative to an acquisition. Firms in industries with less information asymmetry and higher stock liquidity are more likely to choose an IPO over an acquisition. While TFP peaks around either form of exit, the rate of increase in TFP prior to acquisitions and the subsequent decrease is smaller than that around IPOs.

Date: 2018
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