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U.S. TREND INFLATION REINTERPRETED: THE ROLE OF FISCAL POLICIES AND TIME-VARYING NOMINAL RIGIDITIES

Nicola Acocella, Giovanni Di Bartolomeo () and Patrizio Tirelli ()

Macroeconomic Dynamics, 2015, vol. 19, issue 6, 1294-1308

Abstract: This paper offers a reinterpretation of the Fed's time-varying implicit inflation target, based on two considerations. The first is that the need to alleviate the burden of distortionary taxation may justify the choice of a positive inflation rate. The second is based on compelling evidence that the degree of price and wage indexation falls with trend inflation. In fact, we find that a proper characterization of the joint evolution of fiscal variables and nominal rigidities has a strong impact on the Ramsey optimal policies, implying optimal inflation dynamics that are consistent with the observed evolution of U.S. trend inflation. By contrast, tax policies have been too lax, especially at the time of the controversial Bush tax cuts.

Date: 2015
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Working Paper: US trend inflation reinterpreted. The role of fiscal policies and time-varying nominal rigidities (2014) Downloads
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