FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
Aubhik Khan ()
Macroeconomic Dynamics, 2001, vol. 5, issue 3, 413-433
We develop a theory of financial development based on the costs associated with the provision of external finance. These costs arise through informational asymmetries between borrowers and lenders that are costly to resolve. When borrowing is limited, producers with access to financial intermediary loans obtain higher returns to investment than other producers. This creates incentives for others to undertake the technology adoption necessary to access investment loans. Over time, as increasing numbers of producers gain access to external finance, borrowers' net worth rises relative to debt. This reduces the costs of financial intermediation and raises the overall return on investment. The theory is consistent with recent evidence that financial development reduces the costs associated with the provision of external finance and increases the rate of economic growth. Furthermore, the theory predicts that financial development will raise the return on loans and reduce the spread between borrowing and lending rates.
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Working Paper: Financial development and economic growth (1999)
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