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Action against Income Discrimination. Case Study: Roma Minority in Romania

Tudorel Andrei (), Bogdan Oancea () and Andreea Mirica ()

ECONOMIC COMPUTATION AND ECONOMIC CYBERNETICS STUDIES AND RESEARCH, 2017, vol. 51, issue 4, 19-36

Abstract: The Roma identity significantly influences their welfare levels in Southeast Europe. This paper analyses income differences among the most three important ethnic groups in Romania, with a particular focus on the Roma minority in order to propose best policies in addressing income discrimination. In order to achieve its aim, the research considers several social and economic characteristics of a person gathered from two data sets: Population and Housing Census 2011 and the tax record data from 2013. Five different methods were used in order to assess wage discrimination. The variables included in our model explain 75% of the differences in the average income between the Roma and Romanians and Roma and Magyars, respectively. The effect of educational attainment on the wages of Roma is much lower than in the case of other minorities. Out of all three ethnic groups, Roma register the highest birth rate, lowest educational level and incomes.

Keywords: income; discrimination; Roma; minority; decomposition. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 O15 D31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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