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GENDER INEQUALITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE MENA REGION

Mohammad Alawin and Nour Sbitany

Applied Econometrics and International Development, 2019, vol. 19, issue 1, 81-96

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to examine whether the relationship between economic development and gender inequality in the MENA Region represents an S-Shape Kuznets Curve (A non-monotonic relationship). In order to identify the nature of this relationship, we will analyze a data set covering 17 countries over the period (1991–2015) using panel data model. Analysis results show that there is a linear, not a curvilinear, relationship between economic development and Life Expectancy at Birth, Maternal Mortality Ratio, and Female Employment in Services. On the other hand, the results prove that there is a curvilinear relationship (S-Shape Kuznets Curve) would exist between economic development and two indicators of gender inequality; Female Labor Force Participation and Female Unemployment Rate.

Keywords: Gender inequality; economic development; panel data; MENA. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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