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Emisiones de CO2 y crecimiento economico en paises de la UE

M. Teresa Cancelo () and M. Rosario Diaz-Vazquez ()

Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, 2002, vol. 2, issue 1

Abstract: La aprobacion del Protocolo de Kyoto en diciembre de 1997 supuso la adopcion de compromisos obligatorios de reduccion de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero por parte de los paises desarrollados y economias en transicion. En dicho Protocolo la UE en su conjunto se compromete a reducir sus emisiones en un 8% respecto a las de 1990. Aunque el compromiso hace referencia a seis gases de efecto invernadero consideramos necesario destacar la importancia del control de las emisiones de CO2 dado que a este gas se le atribuye el 60% del efecto invernadero antropogeno. En este trabajo analizamos la evolucion de las emisiones de CO2 en paises de la UE teniendo, para ello, en cuenta la influencia de factores como el crecimiento economico, el consumo energetico, la combinacion de combustibles utilizada y la poblacion. The Kyoto Protocol, agreed in December of 1997, provided for legally binding emissions reduction targets for industrialized countries. In spite of the obstacles the Kyoto Protocol has faced, the EU and its Members States maintain the commitment of reducing their greenhouse emissions to at least 8% below 1990 emissions levels. Among the six greenhouse gases included in the Kyoto Protocol, we wish to emphasize the need for controlling CO2 emissions because CO2 emissions account for about 60% of the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.In this paper, we analyze the evolution of CO2 emissions in the EU countries. In order to explain this evolution, we take into account the influence of several factors such as economic growth, energy use, fuel mix and population.

JEL-codes: O13 O14 O52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002
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