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IS GENDER BIAS A COST OF FAILURE ISSUE?

Carmen Marín Martínez and Alfonso Rosa García
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Alfonso Rosa-García ()

Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, 2014, vol. 14, issue 3, 19-30

Abstract: We provide evidence on a gender bias in risk aversion among students of economics in Spain. In a sample of 2278 multiple choice exams with penalization for errors, women consistently answer less questions, what could damage females’ scores. We also provide evidence on a different gender bias pattern between ordinary and resit exams, what could be related to the performance expectative of students. A lower cost of error could reduce the effect of risk aversion and improve the scores of women. Thus these exams may create a disadvantage for women.

Keywords: gender differences; risk aversion; multiple choice (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A22 I21 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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