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Measuring the Efficiency and the Effect of Corporate Governance on the Biotechnology and Medical Equipment Industries in Taiwan

Yen-Hsien Lee, Ya-Ling Huang, Shiuh-Sheng Hsu and Chien-Han Hung
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Yen-Hsien Lee: Department of Finance, Chung Yuan Christian University,200 Chung Pei Road. Chung Li 32023, Taiwan
Ya-Ling Huang: Department of Golden-Ager Industry Management,Taiwan
Shiuh-Sheng Hsu: Graduate School of Management, Ming Chuan University,Taiwan
Chien-Han Hung: Department of Banking and Finance, Tamkang University

International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 2013, vol. 3, issue 3, 662-672

Abstract: This study adopts data envelopment analysis with Tobit regression analysis to measure the efficiency and investigate the influence of corporate governance on the efficiency of the biotechnology and medical equipment industries in Taiwan. The empirical results show that while inside equity influences the efficiency of profitability in the pharmaceutical industry, both inside and outside equity influence the efficiency of profitability in the medical equipment industry. Moreover, both inside and outside equity influence the efficiency of marketability in the pharmaceutical and medical equipment industry. The proportion of shares held by foreign institutions is significantly positively correlated with the efficiency of profitability and negatively correlated with the efficiency of marketability, implying that the short-term profit goal of the foreign institutional investors is to sell their holdings. Besides, the number of board members and transparency of information are significantly positively correlated with both the efficiency of profitability and the efficiency of marketability.

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis; Biotechnology Industry; Corporate Governance; Transparency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D21 D24 G30 P27 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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