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Social Accountability of Microfinance Institutions in South Asian Region

Iftekhar Ahmed, Abul Bashar Bhuiyan, Abul Bashar Bhuiyan, Yusnidah Ibrahim, Jamaliah Said and Mohammed Fuad Mohd Salleh
Additional contact information
Abul Bashar Bhuiyan: Faculty of Business, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia,
Abul Bashar Bhuiyan: Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia,
Yusnidah Ibrahim: School of Economics, Finance & Banking, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia,
Jamaliah Said: Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia,
Mohammed Fuad Mohd Salleh: Faculty of Business, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.

International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 2016, vol. 6, issue 3, 824-829

Abstract: The purpose of the study is to examine the social accountability and argue comparison of outreach level of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in member countries of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. The inquiry has employed quantitative research approach to meticulous secondary data that has quantify using financial ratio and multiple regression analysis. Our results expose that gross loan portfolio (GLP) has significant positive relation with the number of clients served. Conversely, the average loan balance per borrower per gross national income per capital and average outstanding balance have significant negative relation to the dependent variable. On the other hand, the yield on a GLP, size of MFIs and operational self-sufficiency has insignificant effect to the number of active borrowers. Eventually the study found no evidence of trade-off between profitability and outreach breadth. However, interest rate, board and ownership structure and outreach depth issue suggested for the further studies.

Keywords: Microfinance; Accountability; Outreach; Mission Drift; South Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G32 O18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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