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Construction of an Optimum Currency Area Index Anchored to the Gold Dinar: The Case of Selected Islamic Countries

Memet Agustiar, Fariastuti Djafar and Afrizal
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Memet Agustiar: Department of Economics and Business, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia,
Fariastuti Djafar: Department of Economics and Business, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia,
Afrizal: Department of Economics and Business, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia

International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 2017, vol. 7, issue 3, 51-56

Abstract: This paper constructs an optimum currency area (OCA) index by using the gold price as a nominal anchor and substitute for the US $. The use of gold Dinar is in line with the spirit for implementing Sunnah money (gold Dinar). The method used for estimating the OCA-gold Index is the standard deviation (SD) of gold price variability. The five Islamic countries selected as the units of observation are listed among the top ten gold consumer countries worldwide. The findings of this paper may help us to understand how powerful gold can be as a benchmark or convergence criterion for a cycle co-movement measure of symmetry shock within the Islamic nations in comparison to the US $. As most of the OCA’s conventional index have adopted fiat money ($ and Euro) as an anchor, this study offers an alternative model that employs the use of commodity money as the benchmark.

Keywords: Optimum Currency Area; Gold Dinar; Islamic Nation; Anchor Currency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E42 F36 F33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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