Bounds Testing Approach to Analyze the Existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Ecuador
Manuel Zambrano-Monserrate (),
Freddy F. García-Albán and
Kliffer A. Henk-Vera
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Freddy F. García-Albán: Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOL, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanísticas, Campus Gustavo Galindo Km 30.5 Vía Perimetral, P.O. Box 09-01-5863, Guayaquil, Ecuador
Kliffer A. Henk-Vera: Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOL, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanísticas, Campus Gustavo Galindo Km 30.5 Vía Perimetral, P.O. Box 09-01-5863, Guayaquil, Ecuador
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2016, vol. 6, issue 2, 159-166
This paper provides empirical evidence of a long-run environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for Ecuador from 1971 to 2011. Using the autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing approach, we do not just estimate the effect of economic growth on carbon dioxide emissions but also the effect of energy consumption on this one. The effects of all variables have the expected signs. In addition, we test for granger causality among the variables using an error correction model. Only gross domestic product granger causes energy consumption in the short-run. The results have several policy implications that are consistent with the recent environmental policy of the government.
Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; Ecuador; Energy Matrix (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 O52 Q43 Q50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eco:journ2:2016-02-3
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