Empirical Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Nitrous Oxide Emissions for Mongolia
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Maralgua Och: Graduate Institute of National Development, National Taiwan University; No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan.
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2017, vol. 7, issue 1, 117-128
A comprehensive set of econometric methods were employed on annual data for 1981-2012 to investigate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for nitrous oxide (NOx) emissions for Mongolia; the short- and long-run relationships between NOx emissions, income, exports, urbanization, and growth in the different sectors of the economy; and their consequent Granger causal relationships. A highly significant and robust long-run U-shaped relationship between NOx emissions and income was found; thereby, discrediting the existence of the environmental EKC. Furthermore, exports, urbanization, and growth in the industrial and services sectors were found to decrease - while growth in the agricultural sector was found to increase - NOx emissions. Finally, the findings have also exhibited significant short- and long-run Granger causal relationships amongst the variables; thereby, leading to policy recommendations which are briefly discussed.
Keywords: Mongolia; Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis; Nitrous Oxide Emissions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 O13 O53 Q53 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eco:journ2:2017-01-13
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