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Macroeconomic Effects of Prosumer Households in Germany

Markus Flaute, Anett Großmann, Christian Lutz and Anne Nieters
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Markus Flaute: Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung mbH, Institute of Economic Structures Research, Germany
Anett Großmann: Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung mbH, Institute of Economic Structures Research, Germany
Christian Lutz: Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung mbH, Institute of Economic Structures Research, Germany,
Anne Nieters: Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung mbH, Institute of Economic Structures Research, Germany.

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2017, vol. 7, issue 1, 146-155

Abstract: This paper investigates the macroeconomic effects of the evolution of prosumer households in the future energy market in Germany. In the German policy debate, these households are discussed as potential key actors for the transition of the energy system. On the one hand, prosumer households produce power from solar PV or micro combined heat and power systems; on the other hand they consume (at least partly) their own produced power or store the energy on site for later use. Thus, prosumer households increase the complexity of the energy system, but they also offer opportunities to solve existing problems for grid stability. Prosumer households have a slightly positive effect on the macro economy: Both the investments in power generating technologies and the higher income of prosumer households due to self-produced electricity lead to higher consumption and stimulate economic growth. At the same time, the increase of prosumer households reduces emissions.

Keywords: Energy Transition; Prosumer Households; Macroeconomic Effects; Economy-Energy-Environment Model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C54 C67 O11 Q43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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