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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Health Outcomes in Nigeria: Empirical Insight from Auto-regressive Distribution Lag Technique

Oluwatoyin Matthew, Romanus Osabohien, Fasina Fagbeminiyi and Afolake Fasina
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Oluwatoyin Matthew: Department of Economics and Development Studies, College of Business and Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
Romanus Osabohien: Department of Economics and Development Studies, College of Business and Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria,
Fasina Fagbeminiyi: Department of Economics and Development Studies, College of Business and Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria,
Afolake Fasina: Department of Economics and Development Studies, College of Business and Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2018, vol. 8, issue 3, 43-50

Abstract: This study examines the long-run effect of emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) on health outcomes in Nigeria using time series data from 1985 to 2016 engaging the auto-regressive distribution lag (ARDL) econometric approach to cointegration and it was observed that human activities increase GHG to the atmosphere, this is through combustion of fossil fuels and CO2, these are two major sources of GHG emissions (GHGE). When the quantity of carbon dioxide increases in the air, more heat is stored in the atmosphere; and this comes upon human beings thereby causing a great harmful effect to human health. The result from ARDL econometric approach to cointegration shows that 1% increase in GHGE reduces life expectancy by 0.0422% which is used as a proxy for health outcome, if this happens, invariably, mortality rate will be 146.6%. Therefore, the major strategy among others recommended in this study for controlling gaseous emissions and increase life expectancy is public health expenditure as the results also shows that 1% increase in government health care expenditure increases life expectancy approximately by 18.10%.

Keywords: Greenhouse Gas Emissions; CO 2; Health outcomes; ARDL (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q4 H51 B4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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