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Asymmetric Effect of Oil Price Change on Inflation: Evidence from Sub Saharan Africa Countries

Umar Tijjani Babuga and Niaz Ahmad Mohd Naseem
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Umar Tijjani Babuga: School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia,
Niaz Ahmad Mohd Naseem: Department of Economics, Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano. PMB 3220, Kano – Nigeria

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2021, vol. 11, issue 1, 448-458

Abstract: This study is aimed at investigating the asymmetric effect of oil price change on inflation for Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. Based on the findings from the dynamic heterogenous nonlinear panel ARDL estimation, a panel data representation of Shin et al. (2014), the long run asymmetric relationship exists between both oil price increase (op+) and decrease (op-) and inflation for these countries. Nevertheless, the oil price increase tends to exert more effect on inflation than the oil price decrease. Oil serves as a key input to the production process, therefore, changes in its price would have a great influence on the level of inflation which at last may hamper the process of economic progress. For policy implication, the monetary authorities shall pay more attention to the increase in oil price than the oil price decrease in designing appropriate policies of price stability as the former exerts greater impact on inflation than the latter. The price stability as one of the key macroeconomic goals could be attained if these countries understand the oil price-inflation relationship and then monetary measures can be adjusted to endure the effect of oil price changes especially increase in oil price on the price level so that stability in the prices of output can be maintained.

Keywords: Panel data; inflation; Asymmetry; Sub Saharan Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 E3 E31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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