EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The impact of irrigation on small-scale African indigenous vegetable growers’ market access in peri-urban Kenya

Joseph Kanyua Mwangi and Wibke Crewett

Agricultural Water Management, 2019, vol. 212, issue C, 295-305

Abstract: Small-scale private irrigation is widely advocated as a means of improving agricultural incomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using the case of smallholder producers of African Indigenous Vegetables (AIVs) in peri-urban Kenya, we study whether irrigation-driven productivity growth translates into improved market participation by smallholders. We therefore a) identify factors that drive smallholders to adopt irrigation in Kiambu and b) study how irrigation affects vegetable marketing. We combine a regression analysis and propensity score matching in order to advance existing knowledge on the linkages of irrigation and marketing. We use a 2014 survey of 176 AIV producers in Kiambu County and 156 AIV traders in Nairobi County. We find that irrigation corresponds with up to 99% market participation rate and 86% of output sales. We find that irrigators participate more in urban markets, compete effectively with market intermediaries, have more price bargaining power, sell less at farm gate and face shorter value chains. Surprisingly supermarket outlets were associated with non-irrigators, while irrigators opt for wet markets. Although irrigators have larger commercialization indices, the effect of irrigation depends on the type of technology used. We find that irrigation and the associated access to better marketing arrangements is skewed towards farmers with off-farm income and male headed households. Targeted support for female-headed agricultural households to access modern irrigation technology is therefore an important policy measure we propose.

Keywords: Irrigation; Marketing arrangements; Commercialization; Propensity scores; Horticulture; Kenya; Institutions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378377418309168
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:212:y:2019:i:c:p:295-305

Access Statistics for this article

Agricultural Water Management is currently edited by B.E. Clothier, W. Dierickx, J. Oster and D. Wichelns

More articles in Agricultural Water Management from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2019-03-30
Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:212:y:2019:i:c:p:295-305