Tourism innovation policy: Implementation and outcomes
Allan M. Williams and
C. Michael Hall
Annals of Tourism Research, 2014, vol. 49, issue C, 76-93
The paper opens the “black box” of tourism innovation policy implementation through an analysis of the Spanish Programme of Innovative Business Groups that foster innovation through hybrid top-down bottom-up collaboration embedded in clusters. The focus is on three main issues: process of policy implementation, types of innovation that emerged, and the outcomes and barriers. The findings show the contradictions of this hybrid model of implementation with mixed outcomes of successful collaborations and abandoned trajectories. The Programme has stimulated the ‘propensity’ to innovate resulting in different types of innovation but has revealed the existence of mutually-reinforcing barriers. Some suggestions for future improvements of tourism innovation policies are offered including the importance of polycentricity in effective policy formulation and implementation.
Keywords: Innovation policy; Policy implementation; Innovations; Polycentricity; Barriers; Spanish Innovative Business Group (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:anture:v:49:y:2014:i:c:p:76-93
Access Statistics for this article
Annals of Tourism Research is currently edited by John Tribe
More articles in Annals of Tourism Research from Elsevier
Series data maintained by Dana Niculescu ().