Poverty and vulnerability in the Punjab, Pakistan: A multilevel analysis
Muhammad Masood Azeem,
Amin Mugera () and
Journal of Asian Economics, 2016, vol. 44, issue C, 57-72
This study estimates the prevalence and extent of vulnerability to poverty in the Punjab province of Pakistan. A multilevel model is used to analyze survey data of about 90,000 households distributed across 150 towns/tehsils. Empirical estimates show that the vulnerability rate is higher than the rate of poverty, and poverty-induced vulnerability is higher than risk-induced vulnerability. Moreover, idiosyncratic-vulnerability is higher than covariate-vulnerability. Unlike previous studies that find poverty to be a rural phenomenon, this research shows that poverty and vulnerability are equally high in urban areas. A high level of urban vulnerability adds urgency to anti-poverty interventions given a rapid urbanization in Pakistan.
Keywords: Poverty; Vulnerability; Multilevel model; Idiosyncratic and covariate shocks; Punjab; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 O18 R58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:asieco:v:44:y:2016:i:c:p:57-72
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