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Outward FDI, industrial structure upgrading and domestic employment: empirical evidence from the Chinese economy and the belt and road initiative

Hongwei Liao, Liangping Yang, Shuanping Dai () and Ari Van Assche

Journal of Asian Economics, 2021, vol. 74, issue C

Abstract: Does outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) create or diminish jobs in the home country? We develop a theoretical model to study the relation between OFDI and domestic employment and to evaluate the roles that industrial structure upgrading and the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) play therein. Using Chinese provincial panel data during the period 2005–2018, and applying simultaneous equation modelling techniques to control for endogeneity, we find that China’s OFDI presents a significant positive impact on domestic employment, and the BRI moderates this impact positively. As a mediating factor, industrial structure upgrading suppresses employment, but the overall employment impact of OFDI remains positive. We construct panel simultaneous equation models to control for the endogeneity problem caused by simultaneity, and find that our main findings are still supported.

Keywords: OFDI; Industrial upgrading; BRI; Employment impacts; Home country (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 F21 F62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.asieco.2021.101303

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