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Parenthood penalty and gender wage gap: Recent evidence from Thailand

Sasiwimon Paweenawat and Lusi Liao

Journal of Asian Economics, 2022, vol. 78, issue C

Abstract: This study first examines the evolution of gender wage gap in Thailand, using cross-sectional data from the Labor Force Survey (LFS) for 1985–2017. We find that education, occupation, and industry significantly contribute to gender wage gap convergence in Thailand. Furthermore, for females, the wage gap between mothers and non-mothers has increased over time, while for males, the changes are relatively small. Thereafter, we examine the gender wage gap associated with marriage and parental status, using panel data from the Socio-Economic Survey (SES) for 2005–2012, and find wage penalty for both motherhood and fatherhood in Thailand.

Keywords: Gender wage gap; Parenthood penalty; Thailand (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D10 J13 J22 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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Working Paper: Parenthood Penalty and Gender Wage Gap: Recent Evidence from Thailand (2019) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1016/j.asieco.2021.101435

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