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Home ownership, housing price and social security expenditure

Cheng Yuan, Xilong He and Yoonsu Kim

China Economic Review, 2017, vol. 46, issue C, 290-305

Abstract: This paper analyzes the substitution and trade-off effects of homeownership and housing price on social security expenditure. We construct a theoretical model to investigate the optimal choice for individual and government in social security system with estate transaction. The model predicts that the government is more likely to decrease (increase) social security spending under a higher home rate when house price rises (falls). We test 35 metropolises panel data which spans the year of 1998–2012 under a two-way fixed effects framework. Our empirical analysis supports the theoretical prediction. The estimation results show that at the current home rate 82%, 1% increase in housing price will lead to 1.15 Yuan reduction in social security spending per capita.

Keywords: Homeownership; Housing price; Social security expenditure; Substitution and trade-off effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H55 L85 R21 R31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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China Economic Review is currently edited by B.M. Fleisher, K. X. D. Huang, M.E. Lovely, Y. Wen, X. Zhang and X. Zhu

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