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Natural disasters and economic growth: The role of banking market structure

Andi Duqi (), Danny McGowan, Enrico Onali and Giuseppe Torluccio

Journal of Corporate Finance, 2021, vol. 71, issue C

Abstract: Following a natural disaster, the rate of economic growth recovers faster in less competitive banking markets. A 10% reduction in competition increases the rate of economic growth by 0.3%. In less competitive markets, banks respond to a disaster by increasing the supply of real estate credit by refinancing mortgage loans, but do not lend more to businesses or consumers. Instead, government agencies provide disaster loans to affected businesses and households. Smaller, profitable and well-capitalized institutions that rely more on traditional retail banking originate most mortgage credit.

Keywords: Disasters; Economic growth; Banks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D4 G20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2021.102101

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