# Alternative HAC covariance matrix estimators with improved finite sample properties

*Luke Hartigan* ()

*Computational Statistics & Data Analysis*, 2018, vol. 119, issue C, 55-73

**Abstract:**
HAC estimators are known to produce test statistics that reject too frequently in finite samples. One neglected reason comes from the OLS residuals used to construct the HAC estimator. If the design matrix contains leverage points, such as from outliers, then the OLS residuals will be downward biased. This makes the OLS residuals smaller than otherwise, thereby reducing their variance. Transformations to offset the bias via inflating the OLS residuals have been available in the related HC literature for some time, but these have been overlooked so far in the HAC literature. Using HC-inspired techniques and a range of simulations, this paper provides strong support for replacing the OLS residual-based HAC estimator with two new alternatives called HAC-PE and HAC-MDE when estimating coefficient standard errors to produce test statistics because they display much less size distortion in practice.

**Keywords:** Covariance matrix estimation; Finite sample analysis; Leverage points; Hypothesis testing; Monte Carlo simulation; Inference (search for similar items in EconPapers)

**Date:** 2018

**References:** View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc

**Citations:** View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

**Downloads:** (external link)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167947317302074

Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only.

**Related works:**

Working Paper: Alternative HAC Covariance Matrix Estimators with Improved Finite Sample Properties (2016)

This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

**Export reference:** BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
HTML/Text

**Persistent link:** https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:csdana:v:119:y:2018:i:c:p:55-73

**DOI:** 10.1016/j.csda.2017.09.007

Access Statistics for this article

Computational Statistics & Data Analysis is currently edited by *S.P. Azen*

More articles in Computational Statistics & Data Analysis from Elsevier

Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().