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Semiparametric transformation joint models for longitudinal covariates and interval-censored failure time

Chyong-Mei Chen, Pao-sheng Shen and Yi-Kuan Tseng

Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 2018, vol. 128, issue C, 116-127

Abstract: In many clinical trials and epidemiology research, subjects are followed-up repeatedly, and repeated measurements on longitudinal covariates as well as an observation on a possibly censored time-to-event are collected on each subject. The longitudinal covariates are often measured intermittently with measurement errors, and the measurement process is terminated by a correlated event process, leading to informative missing data. Methods for joint modelling of longitudinal and time to-event data have received much attention in the statistics literature in recent years. Most research has focused on right-censoring mechanism for the event time. In practice, the event time is often examined at the pre-scheduled times, at which the longitudinal covariates are also measured, resulting in interval-censored survival data. To take the interval censoring into account and to provide a more general framework for studying the effects of covariates on survival time, a new class of joint models is proposed. The joint model comprises a linear mixed-effects model for the longitudinal biomarkers and a class of semiparametric transformation models for the failure time, which incorporates the underlying longitudinal biomarkers as time-dependent covariates. The likelihood approach and an EM algorithm for obtaining the semiparametric maximum likelihood estimator (SPMLE) are developed. In M-step, a hybrid algorithm combining the Newton–Raphson and self-consistency algorithms is used to compute the finite-dimensional and infinite-dimensional parameters. The existence and consistency of the SPMLE are established. The proposed method is investigated through simulation studies and illustrated using a real dataset from a Taiwanese HIV/AIDS cohort study.

Keywords: Interval-censored data; Joint modelling; Longitudinal data; Self-consistency equation; Transformation models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:128:y:2018:i:c:p:116-127