Planned treatment and outcomes in residential youth care: Evidence from Sweden
Erik Lindqvist ()
Children and Youth Services Review, 2011, vol. 33, issue 1, 21-27
A recurring theme in evaluations of Swedish residential youth care is that treatment is often unplanned. Using a data set of teenagers placed in youth care in 1991 (NÂ =Â 357), we show that planned treatment -- in the sense of a known expected duration of treatment -- is strongly positively associated with treatment outcomes. In the short term, teenagers with planned treatment are 32% less likely to experience a treatment breakdown and 25% less likely to be reassigned to other forms of residential care after completed treatment. In the long term, teenagers with planned treatment are 21% less likely to engage in criminal behavior and 40% less likely to be hospitalized for mental health problems. The results are robust to controlling for a rich set of potentially confounding factors: Even though observable pre-treatment teenager characteristics explain about one fifth of the variation in criminal behavior 5-10Â years after treatment, they have almost no predictive power for whether treatment is planned or unplanned.
Keywords: Residential; youth; care; Juvenile; delinquency; Recidivism; Principal-agent; problems; Bureaucracy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Planned Treatment and Outcomes in Residential Youth Care: Evidence from Sweden (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:33:y:2011:i:1:p:21-27
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