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The economic impact of Special Economic Zones: Evidence from Chinese municipalities

Jin Wang

Journal of Development Economics, 2013, vol. 101, issue C, 133-147

Abstract: The paper exploits a unique Chinese municipal dataset to assess the impact of Special Economic Zones on the local economy. Comparing the changes between the municipalities that created a SEZ in earlier rounds and those in later waves, I find that the SEZ program increases foreign direct investment not merely through firm relocation, and does not crowd out domestic investment. With dense investment in the targeted municipality the SEZ achieves agglomeration economies and generates wage increases for workers more than the increase in the local cost of living. The effects are heterogeneous: for zones created later the benefits are smaller while the distortions in firm location behavior are larger than those for the early zones. Municipalities with multiple SEZs experience larger effects than those with only one SEZ.

Keywords: Special Economic Zone; Foreign direct investment; TFP growth; Factor price (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 O16 O47 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:deveco:v:101:y:2013:i:c:p:133-147

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2012.10.009

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