Economics at your fingertips  

Can cultural norms reduce conflicts? Confucianism and peasant rebellions in Qing China

James Kung () and Chicheng Ma

Journal of Development Economics, 2014, vol. 111, issue C, 132-149

Abstract: Can culture mitigate conflicts triggered by economic shocks? In light of the extraordinary emphasis that Confucianism places on subordination and pacifism, we examine its role in possibly attenuating peasant rebellion within the historical context of China (circa 1651–1910). Our analysis finds that, while crop failure triggers peasant rebellion, its effect is significantly smaller in counties characterized by stronger Confucian norms as proxied by Confucian temples and chaste women. This result remains robust after controlling for a long list of covariates and instrumenting Confucian norms using ancient Confucian sages (500B.C.–A.D. 550) to address concerns of measurement error and reverse causality.

Keywords: Cultural norms; Confucianism; Economic shocks; Conflicts; Peasant rebellions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (14) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Development Economics is currently edited by M. R. Rosenzweig

More articles in Journal of Development Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2019-11-09
Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:111:y:2014:i:c:p:132-149